Samuel A. Guilds ex- Captain Collier tugboat , Samuel B.
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Roberts destroyer escort , , Samuel Chase , SS Liberty ship , Samuel D. Samuel K. Barlow , SS Liberty ship , Samuel Plimsoll , San Antonio amphibious transport , , San Carlos sailing ship , , San Diego Manila galleon , San Diego Maritime Museum, —32 , , , , , , , , , , 36 , , See also Maritime Museum of San Diego.
San Felipe Spanish galleon , San Francisco, CA, — San Francisco Bay, , 22 , —17 , San Francisco Maritime Museum, , —29 , , , , , , , San Francisco Maritime Museum Association, See also San Francisco Maritime Museum. San Francisco Ship Model Gallery, , San Giorgio renamed Ebe brigantine , —7 , 3: 7. San Jacinto , USN, San Mateo Spanish galleon , San Mateo , SS steam ferryboat , , , , , , 64 : 36 — San Nicolas prison ship , San Pablo Spanish flagship , San Pedro shipwrecked galleon , , , —37 , San Pedro wrecking scow , Sanctuary , USS hospital ship , Sandell, Val artist , Sandwich French privateer , Sandy log canoe , Sankaty Head Lighthouse, , Sanli sponge boat , Sans Pareil Brixham trawler , Sansinena oil tanker , Santa shrimp boat , Santa Barbara Maritime Museum, —32 , 30—31 , , , Santa Caterina do Monte Sinai carrack , Santa Clara , shipwrecks, Santa Cruz, Battle of, — Santa Cruz, Marquis of, Santa Cruz Islands, Battle of the, Santa Margarita , Santa Maria shrimp boat , , Santa Maria steamer , 63 : Santa Monica hulk, former barquentine , Santa Rita freighter , —45 , Santa Rosa liner , Santa Rosa Spanish brig , Santa Saturnia Spanish schooner , , Santee , USS aircraft carrier , Santee frigate , Santiago de Cuba, naval battle of, 31 : 9 , 86 : 18—19 , : 15 , — Santo Andre ex- Sagres , ex- Flores , ex- Max , ex- Rickmer Rickmers barque , , 4: 12 , , , , , 31 , , , —20 , 18—19 , , 23 , , Sapelo Island Research Foundation, Sappho schooner , , Sappho whaler , Sarah catboat replica , , Sarah merchant vessel , 99 : Sarah Elizabeth Banks ex- Fire King , Sarah Maria , Sarah Warren barque , Saratoga flagship , , , — Saratoga , USS aircraft carrier , , , , 37 , —39 , , 26 , Saratoga , USS training ship , Sargeant, Charles II, Sassacus whaleship , , Satellite , USS, Satori , , Satsuma class ships Japan , Saturn tugboat , Saugerties steamboat , , Saunders, Judson, 10 : 27 , Savannah frigate , Savannah nuclear -powered submarine , Savannah , NS nuclear-powered cargo ship , , , , , , Save Falls of Clyde, Save Falls of Clyde——International, Save our Seas Foundation, Save Our Ships Campaign, Inc.
Save the Falls of Clyde—International, , Save the Wapama Committee, Savilco freighter , Savoya barkentine , Saxifrage renamed HMS President ; sloop , Sayle, Charles F. Scammel US revenue cutter , , , Scanpenn , SS, Scarano, Richard, , , 11 , Sceptre yacht , Schacht, Harro, —30 , Schaefer, Rudolph J.
Schafer, Howard artist , 97 : Scharnhorn steam yacht , , , Scharnhorst German battlecruiser , , , , Schaut, Jim, 97 : 13— Scheelenkuhlen tugboat , Scheer German cruiser , , Scheffer, Ulrik, : 39 , Schenck destroyer , , Schenectady tanker , Scherman Zwicker , Scheuing, Richard W. Schlech, Walter F. Schlecht, Richard artist , Schley, Winfield Scott, , , 18 , , — Schlossbach, Lt. Commander , Schooner Bluenose Foundation, Schooner Bowdoin Association, , Schooner Ernestina Commission, 57 : 39 , 97 : 6 , : 16 , : Schooner Ernestina-Morrissey Association, Inc.
SEMA , , , —45 , , Schooner Harvey Gamage Foundation, , , Schooner Incorporated, , , , , , Schooner Virginia Project, , Chebacco, , Fredonia -model, 15 , — Gloucester, —6 , —12 , — Grand Banks fishing, — Indian-headers, Pacific steam, —42 , Schooners Foundation, , , , Schoonmaker, Ding, , —12 , 11 , Schoonmaker, Treecie, Schorpioen ironclad ramship , , , Schrader, Mark, , Schuenemann, Herman, —41 , Schulschiff Deutschland full-rigged ship , Schulte, Matthew, : 8 , Schumacher, E. Schuyler, George L.
Schuyler, Philip, , Schuyler, Robert, — Schwemmer, Robert V. Scibinico, Mark, , — Scoresby, William, , Scorpion Foxtrot-class submarine , Scorpion naval cutter , , , Scorpion , USS, : 14 , Scotch Cap tugboat , Scotia paddler , Scott, Arden artist , —31 , 29 , Scott, H.
Morin, , Scott, Henry artist , Scott, James Hutchinson, Scott, Meredith A. Scott, Nicole, , , Scott, Robert Falcon, Discovery expedition, Terra Nova expedition, — Scott, Winfield, , , Scott Kennedy Gallery, Scott Polar Research Institute, Scottish Maritime Museum Trust, Scourge , USS schooner , , , , —38 , , Scripps Institution of Oceanography, , Scripps Marine Laboratory, Scylla , HMS, , Scythia Cunard liner , 65 Caribbean monk seals, — Galapagos tortoise, — Portuguese Man-of-War, Sea Bob ex- Governor Stone two-masted Gulf cargo schooner , Sea Cloud cruise ship , , Sea Cloud II , Sea Cloud square-rigger , , , , 10 , Sea Cloud yacht ex- Hussar V ; ex- Patria ; ex- Angelita ; ex- Antarna , , , , , , , —37 , , —37 , 36—37 , , , —20 , 16—20 , , , Sea Comber trawler , Sea Education Association SEA , , , , , , , , , —39 , , , , Sea Education Program, : Sea Flower , Sea Foam , 72 Sea Fox tugbotat , , Sea Goddess Cunard liner , Sea History magazine, —7 , , — Sea Lion , —23 , 22—23 , Sea Lion 16th century merchant ship replica , , , , 63 : Sea Museums Council, , , Sea Nymph ex- Molly ; now Syrene ; brigantine , , —40 , Sea Rover tugboat , , Sea Serpent clipper ship , Sea Shadow experimental ship , Sea Trek Foundation , , Sea Venture Jamestown ship , Sea Witch clipper ship , , —21 , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Sea Witch clipper ship replica , , , Sea Witch tugboat , 10 : 23 , Sea Wolf Caribbean monk seal , : 32— Sea Wolf ex- Siele ; renamed Aquamarine , Sea Wolf tugboat , Seabird shipwreck , — Seabird steamer , Seabourn Legend cruise liner , Seabourn liners Cunard , Seabourn Spirit luxury cruise ship , SeaBritain , Seaconnet renamed Welles Gloucesterman , Seafarers International Union, American, —13 , —16 , —10 , , — British, —14 , —10 , —11 , —13 , —9 , , British under James Cook , — Chinese , — See also The Cape Horn Road.
Italian, —13 , — Norse, , —15 , Northern European, — Phoenecian, , Polynesian, —15 , — Portuguese, —17 , , Spanish, —11 , , Seahorse frigate , Sea-Land container ships, , — SL-7, —31 , , , , 45 , Sea-Land Galloway SL-7 , , Sea-Land Trade SL-7 , —31 , , , , 45 , Navigation and Marine Engineering School, — SEAmester, , , Exploring Maritime Sydney, — Provincetown Cape Cod , — Saybrook, Connecticut, Of Whaleships and Taverns, Seaport Museum, , —9 , Seatrain Texas , SS, 65 : Seattle , USS cruiser , Seaver, Jeff artist , Seawanhaka commuter steamer , , Seaward periauger yacht , 25 , Sebastian, James, 63 : Sebbe Als Viking ship replica , —16 , 4: 15 , , , Second Seminole War, — Sedov ex- Magdalene Vinnen ; ex- Kommodore Johnsen sail training four-masted barque , , 2: 13 , , —30 , 29 , , , , , 62 :0 , 28 , , , , , 17 , Seeadler ex- Pass of Balmaha full-rigged ship , Seeandbee Great Lakes steamship , Seefalke tugboat , , Seeger, Pete, —12 , , , 8 , —7 , 6 , , Segwun lake steamboat , Seine British ship , Sejaz Feliz fishing schooner , , Sekstan barquentine , Seligman, Peter, 48 , 9 , 8.
Seligmann, Philip A. Selis Norwegian antisubmarine trawler , Sellers, Steve, , Seminole Down Easter , 37 , Seminole , USS, Semler, Robert C. Semmes , USS destroyer , , Sena Captain , , Senateur Duhamel , HMS trawler , , 10 , Senator sidewheel steamer , Senator Lodge Fredonia schooner , Seneca , USCG cutter, Sequoia presidential yacht , , Sequoia schooner , Serapis , HMS British frigate , , , , 26 , , —10 , 8 , , 11 , Serena motor cruiser , Serena steamer , Sergeant Floyd tugboat , Serpa Pinto schooner , Serres, Dominic artist , 98 Servia steel ship , clipper card, Seute Deern ex- Pieter A.
Koertz , ex- Bandi ; ex- Elizabeth Bandi barque , , , , , 4: 34 , , Seven Seas ex- Abraham Rydberg ; ex— Hawaiian Isles four-masted barque , , , , , —15 , 14 , 15 , Seven Seas Spray British freighter , Seventh Virginia re-enactment group, Severin, Tim, , , —26 , Severn , HMS, Severn Collier motor barge , Sewall, Arthur, , , , Sewall, Camilla Ashe, Sewall, Edward Robinson, Sewall, Emma Kaiulani, Sewall, Harold Marsh, , , Sewell, Samuel, — Seymour, Edward H. George D. Keathley , USAT coastal transport , Shabab Oman also Youth of Oman ; ex- Captain Scott three-masted barquentine , , , , , , Endurance expedition, — Nimrod expedition, Shackleton, Keith artist , Shadboat , , 4.
Shadow renamed Bobby sandbagger , , —9 , 8—9 , , Shadow Gloucester schooner , Shadow sloop , Shafter, William Rufus, —19 , Shah iron steam frigate , —16 , Shakespeare packet , Shaklee, Kim artist , , Shamrock British brig , : 10 , , Shamrock menhaden boat , Shamrock west country barge , Shamrock yacht , , , 22 , 24 , Shamrock II , Shamrock III schooner , , Shamrock IV , Shamrock V J-class yacht , , , , 53 : 11 , 65 : 36 , , , 9 , , , , Shanghai River, 65 Shanker, Albert, 99 : Shannon Gloucester schooner , Shannon , HMS frigate , 85 :0 , 36 , , , —29 , 29 , 30 , , , 13 , Shannon, Richard T.
Shark Continental row galley , , Shark fishtug , Great White, 40 , Sharon whaleship , : 15— Sharon Virginia sail-assisted cargo schooner , Sharp, Jim, , , , , , , , 13 , , Shaw, Daniel, Shaw, Eric John, , Sheffield whaleship , Sheffield , HMS cruiser , , , , Sheldon Jackson , SS Liberty ship , 65 : 5. Shell Castle Island, — Shellback Association, Shelley, Percy Bysshe, , Shenandoah topsail schooner , 3 :0 , , , , , 15 , 54 : 37 , 63 : 9 , Shenandoah topsail schooner replica , , , , , , , Shenandoah , CSS, , , 29 , Shepard, Richard F.
Sheperton barque , Shepherd King , Sherborne , MV freighter , Sheridan , USAT, Sherman, William T. Sherman , USAT, Sherman Zwicker Grand Banks fishing schooner , , , , —40 , 36—40 , , 6 , Shetlander ex- Reaper herring drifter , —54 , Shieldhall , SS sludge disposal ship , , Shilstone, Arthur artist , Shinnecock Lighthouse, Shintoku Maru motorship, former four-masted barquentine , Ship Archaeology Museum Ketelhaven , 63 : British, —9 , US, —10 , Ship Trust Committee, —25 , , , See also Mystic Seaport; shipyards; shipwrights.
Cape Horn sailing ships, — Cheops, , Christmas tree ships, —41 , Flying-P Liners, , , , — Greek, , —15 , , Hog Islander, , Iberian caravels, 7.
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Legacy ships, —3. Roman, , , — See also battleships; boats; destroyers; frigates; model ships; sails; shipwrecks; steamships; submarines; whaleships. Ships of the Sea Museum, 83 : Acadia composite-built steamer , Adirondack , USS wwarship , — Alabama Civil War raider , America steel steamer , Anthony Wayne side-wheeler , Basque galleon, Bay State , Bodekull , — Bronze Age, —21 , Brother Jonathan , , Central America paddlewheeler , , —30 , , Cerberus , HMVS ironclad , City of Hawkinsville shipwrecked paddlewheeler , , Clotilda slaveship , — Copenhagen , SS British steamship , Cornelia B.
Windiate three-masted schooner , Cromwellian warship, CSS Alabama , Culloden , HMS, , , Cumberland , USS Civil war shipwreck , , , , , De Braak , HMS, , El Cazador Spanish ship , El Faro , — Erebus , HMS, , , 46 , —27 , Etruria steel freighter , Etruscan, , — Exmouth , HMS, : Florida wooden steamboat , Florida , CSS, , , Florida , USS, Gelidonya excavation, , , , , General Butler sailing canalboat , —13 , Giglio ship, 57 : 20 , : 39— Gledstanes whaler , , , — Grace Dieu , Hamilton , USS War of schooner , , Helena , USS, Hermes whaler , Hiei Japanese battleship , Hood , HMS, , — Hornet , USS aircraft carrier , Indianapolis , USS, , Joffre fishing vessel , John Barry Liberty ship , Juneau , USS, , La Belle , , La Vizcaina Columbus fleet ship , 99 : Lady Elgin , — Lamartine granite schooner , , Land Tortoise radeau , , Lexington , USS, , Lucerne schooner , —9.
Lusitania , Macaw , USS, Madraque de Giens , 57 : 20 , : Maple Leaf , Mary Rose battleship , —13 , Massachusetts , USS battleship , Monitor , USS Civil War ironclad , , , , —27 , :0 , , —25 , , , Montebello , SS tanker , : Nanhai No. Northwestern deep water , Pandora , HMS, Parker whaler , , , Pearl whaleship , 15 , Persian schooner , Pharos of Alexandria, Portland steamer , Republic , SS sidewheel steamer , Rockaway two-masted schooner , Rosinco luxury yacht , Rouse Simmons three-masted schooner , , Saginaw , USS warship , , San Pedro galleon , , , —37 , Santa Clara , Santa Maria , Scourge , USS War of schooner , , Somers brig , — Spanish galleon in Pensacola Bay, , Augustine, , Sussex , Tecumseh , USS, Terror , HMS, , — Three Brothers , Titanic , , , , Tusitala Civil War ironclad , Two Brothers , , U German submarine , Uluburun shipwreck, 68 :0 , : 36 , Urca de Lima Spanish galleon , , Vicar of Bray , — Walter B.
Allen schooner , Whydah excavation, , , Winfield Scott , , — Yassi Ada, 39 :0 , Yongala liner , Yorktown Shipwreck 44Y, Zuytdorp Dutch shipwreck , Barbour Boatworks, Bollinger Shipyards, Brookfield Boatbuilding Institute, Camden Shipyard and Maritime Museum, — Community Boatworks of the Hudson Valley, Connecticut River Museum, , , , , Henry B. DuPont Preservation Shipyard, , Hodgdon Brothers Shipyard, Ingalls Shipbuilding, Landing Boatshop, , Mathis Shipbuilding Company, Naval Shipyard Brooklyn , —16 , Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, , Rockport Apprenticeshop, , —7 , , , , , , , , Sun Shipbuilding Company, Superior Shipbuilding Conpamy, Thames River Shipyard, Washington Navy Yard, —23 , 24 , Woodenboat Apprenticeship, Shirley Blanche schooner , Shoesmith, Kenneth artist , 65 :0 , 73 :0 , — Shooting Star clipper ship , , — Shore Village Lighthouse Museum, Shore Village Museum, Shortland, Thomas, Shoshone , USNS, , Shovell, Cloudesley, , 46 , Showboat yacht , Shreve, Henry Miller, , , 64 : 13—14 , See also fishing industry.
Shtandart Russian frigate , Shtandart Russian frigate replica , — Shturman barquentine , Shuldham tender , Sicamous sternwheel lake steamer , Siele renamed Sea Wolf ; renamed Aquamarine , Sightseer XII ex- Argo passenger ship , —33 , 30 , Sigsbee, Charles D. Sigsbee dredge boat , Sigyn three-masted barque , , Silas O. Pierce , 14 , Silent Maid , Silva, Anna, Silva, Francis artist , Many visitors visit Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines for similar reasons such as prayer and for luck; the two religions coexist due increased the birth of new religions.
Shrines enshrining local kami existed long before the arrival of Buddhism, but they consisted either of demarcated land areas without any building or of temporary shrines, erected when needed. As a consequence, for centuries shrines and temples had a symbiotic relationship where each influenced the other. Shrines took from Buddhism its gates, the use of a hall for lay worshipers, the use of vermilion-colored wood and more, while Chinese Buddhist architecture was adapted to Japanese tastes with more asymmetrical layouts, greater use of natural materials, an adaptation of the monastery to the pre-existing natural environment; the clear separation between Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines, which today is the norm, emerges only as a result of the shinbutsu bunri law of Buddhist architecture in Japan is not native, but imported from China and other Asian cultures over the centuries with such constancy that the building styles of all Six Dynasties are represented, its history is, as a consequence, dominated by Chinese and other Asian techniques and styles on one side, by Japanese original variations on those themes on the other.
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Due to the variety of climates in Japan and the millennium encompassed between the first cultural import and the last, the result is heterogeneous, but several universal features can be found nonetheless. First of all is the choice of materials, always. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter , it is the successor of the League of Nations ' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.
Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries.
the worlds cultural and natural heritage hieizan part1 Manual
Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage and to preserve human rights, attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group.
UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication; the broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals —underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities.
UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be traced back to a League of Nations resolution on 21 September , to elect a Commission to study feasibility; this new body, the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation was indeed created in On 18 December , the International Bureau of Education began work as a non-governmental organization in the service of international educational development.
However, the onset of World War II interrupted the work of these predecessor organizations. Upon the proposal of CAME and in accordance with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on International Organization , held in San Francisco in April—June , a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization was convened in London 1—16 November with 44 governments represented. Julian Huxley to Director-General; the Constitution was amended in November when the General Conference resolved that members of the Executive Board would be representatives of the governments of the States of which they are nationals and would not, as before, act in their personal capacity.
As member states worked together over time to realize UNESCO's mandate and historical factors have shaped the organization's operations in particular during the Cold War , the decolonization process, the dissolution of the USSR. Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism , for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists and other scientists in and concluding with the Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice.
In , the Republic of South Africa withdrew from UNESCO saying that some of the organization's publications amounted to "interference" in the country's "racial problems. UNESCO's early work in the field of education included the pilot project on fundamental education in the Marbial Valley, started in ; this project was followed by expert missions to other countries, for example, a mission to Afghanistan in In , the World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtien , launched a global movement to provide basic education for a.
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World Heritage Site A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization as having cultural, scientific or other form of significance, is protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance, it may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet.
The programme catalogues and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity. Since state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most recognized international agreements and the world's most popular cultural program; as of July , a total of 1, World Heritage Sites exist across countries.
Italy , with 54 sites, has the most of any country, followed by China , France , Germany and Mexico. In , the government of Egypt decided to build the new Aswan High Dam , whose resulting future reservoir would inundate a large stretch of the Nile valley containing cultural treasures of ancient Egypt and ancient Nubia. This appeal resulted in the excavation and recording of hundreds of sites, the recovery of thousands of objects, as well as the salvage and relocation to higher ground of a number of important temples, the most famous of which are the temple complexes of Abu Simbel and Philae ; the campaign, which ended in , was considered a success.
The project's success led to other safeguarding campaigns: saving Venice and its lagoon in Italy, the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan , the Borobodur Temple Compounds in Indonesia. The United States initiated the idea of cultural conservation with nature conservation; the White House conference in called for a "World Heritage Trust" to preserve "the world's superb natural and scenic areas and historic sites for the present and the future of the entire world citizenry".
The International Union for Conservation of Nature developed similar proposals in , they were presented in to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Under the World Heritage Committee, signatory countries are required to produce and submit periodic data reporting providing the World Heritage Committee with an overview of each participating nation's implementation of the World Heritage Convention and a "snapshot" of current conditions at World Heritage properties.
The Convention came into force on 17 December A country must first list its significant natural sites. A country may not nominate sites. These bodies make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee ; the Committee meets once per year to determine whether or not to inscribe each nominated property on the World Heritage List and sometimes defers or refers the decision to request more information from the country which nominated the site.
There are ten selection criteria — a site must meet at least one of them to be included on the list. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved Japan Quarterly, Oct 1, , Vol. Volume 22, The Samurai, A Military History. MacMillan Publishing Co. Buddhist temples in Japan.